Linux Vs Windows: Difference Between Linux and Windows
Linux Vs Windows is a most common debate in the world. Users of each operating system are curious to know the difference between Linux and Windows for which is the best operating system for both personal and business purposes. Linux is a Unix-like free and open source operating system inherited from GNU OS family. The distribution of Linux is completely free, but there are paid versions of Linux or proprietary versions of Linux are available and those are cheaper than Windows. In 1991 a Finnish student Linus Torvalds who created Linux operating system kernel and then later Linux is being developed by on open source development process which means, through sharing collaboration of code and features through forums, FAQ’s, blogs, white papers etc.Microsoft introduced an operating system environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system (Windows uses icons and visual effects to communicate with the user) shell for MS-DOS. As compared to Windows Linux has a wide range of applications, such as computer hardware, mobile phones, tablet computers, video game consoles, mainframes, servers, supercomputers and so on, but Windows can only be installed on PC, laptops, servers and some smartphones. Both Linux and Windows uses a command shell and each version of Windows has a single command interpreter with dos-like commands, recently there is an addition of the optional PowerShell that uses more Unix-like commands.
Microsoft introduced an operating system environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system ( uses icons and visual effects to communicate with the user) shell for MS-DOS. As compared to Windows Linux has a wide range of applications, such as computer hardware, mobile phones, tablet computers, video game consoles, mainframes, servers, supercomputers and so on, but Windows can only be installed on PC, laptops, servers and some smartphones. Both Linux and Windows uses a command shell and each version of Windows has a single command interpreter with dos-like commands, recently there is an addition of the optional PowerShell that uses more Unix-like commands.
Windows store files and folders in drives like C: D: E: etc thus partitions, and devices like Pendrive, printer, cd-ROM are considered and denoted as different drives but in Linux uses a hierarchal structure to store files and folders. The hierarchy of Linux starts from the root directory and other folders, drives, devices are considered as subdirectories and files. In order to compare the performance and efficiency of Linux vs Windows undoubtedly, Linux is the powerful OS to handle any kind of heavy tasks. The advantages of Linux is faster, lighter, efficient, safer, support maximum graphics, compatibility with older hardware, configurable and has a number of distributions.
Top 10 Linux Distributions
- Linux Mint
- Elementary OS (Code name “Freya”)
Why Linux Is Secure Than Windows
Before move on to the comparison, let me remind you something, there is no one hundred percentage secure OS in the world every OS is hackable but the advantage of Linux over other operating system is less hackable because the chance of a hacker to access Linux system is limited.
By default, administrative rights are accessible to every program installed or saved in the device. Therefore a hacker can get into the system and able to destroy or steal the important files. But in the case of Linux root access is limited and secured so the virus/hacker can only access the local files and, the system remains safe.
- Social Engineering
It’s very simple and widely used method of attacking. Virus and worms are spread by convincing the computer users to do downloading a file, visit a link or open an attachment in the email then it will bring viruses and worms to the user computer and runs automatically this is called social engineering. This happens in Windows because, windows have the administrative rights open but in Linux, most users don’t have the root access.
Is something like a firewall, helps a Linux user to create a more secure environment for the execution of any command or access the network.
Linux works on many environments and distributions, therefore, Linux is extremely fragmented for any virus. But the architecture of Windows is unique so a virus could be easily gain control over many computer systems.
- Recording Of System Events
Linux accesses to files and system accesses are written to a log file. If somebody tries to enter safe system files, then these system gaps will be viewed by the admin and are written to the disk as unsuccessful login.
- Less Number Of Users
The number of users of Linux OS is comparatively lower than Windows so most of the hackers target Windows users.
Threats And Issues Associated
Every Windows user has faced security and stability issues. Since Windows is the most widely used OS, hackers and spammers do targeting Windows frequently by using various methods like Phishing, Keylogger, Denial of Services, Virus and Waterhole attacks. Microsoft releases security patches through Windows Update service once or few in a month although critical updates are made available at shorter intervals when it becomes necessary. Another common issue of Windows users is the blue screen of death (caused by crashing the file system) and the “not responding” state of an open window.
But in the case of Linux, is more secure and stable than a single user OS Windows. Linux is community driven and developed through collaboration peoples and monitored constantly by the developers from every corner of the earth if any new problem raised from anywhere in the world can be solved within few hours and the necessary patch can be ready at the same time.